Members

The following 16 countries are members of the Federation of European Deer Farmers Association. Membership is open to all EU national deer farmers associations and other European countries with Management Committee approval. Although national associations must continue to be responsible for the interests of their own members, FEDFA is recognized as the first point of contact for matters affecting deer farming on a European and International basis.

You are a member of FEDFA, but your country is not listed on this website yet? Then please fill out the form you can find under this link: http://fedfa.d.trnc.wtf/

Member countries

Deer farming in Austria has a long history. The agricultural keeping of deer has been documented since the 1st century. In the Middle Ages, Fallow deer were kept in royal parks because of their tender and digestible meat; always to be able to offer fresh deer meat at any opportunity. But then over the centuries that way of keeping deer disappeared. In the 1980ies some farmers who were seeking a new way of utilizing grassland for meat production started farming Fallow deer again. In order to support these pioneers, regional associations of deer farmers were founded. The first group to get together was the Organisation of Deer Farmers in Upper Austria in 1981. Then associations in other regions of Austria followed.
Number of farms in the association
868
Number of animals
17900
Proportion of fallow deer
52%
Proportion of red deer
43%
Average farm size
6 hectare
Average number of animals per farm
21
Price breeding hinds
€700
Price breeding does (fallow deer)
€500
Price breeding stags
€1500
Price breeding bucks (fallow deer)
€900
Price venison
25
Customers
Sale of meat direct to consumer
Sale of meat direct to retailer supplying consumer (this includes restaurants)
Sale of live animals
Grants / Subsidies
Single Farm Payment (according to GAP 2014-2020) up to € 285/ha
Slaughter Systems
Farms
Slaughter on site with free bullet following Ante-mortem inspection
Ante-mortem inpsection by veterinarian
Ante-mortem inpsection by 'compentent person'
Sale by breeder to local market allowed after post-mortem inspection by veterianarian
Sale by breeder to any market allowed after post-mortem inspection by veterianarian
Slaughter by free bullet may be performed by
Competent person
Competent person training is available
Yes
Jürgen Laban
Gut Jägerhof, Taschenstr. 24; 8102 Semriach
00436644300613
office@laban.co.at
Deer Farmers’ Association of the Czech Republic (DFAC) Prepared by Radim Kotrba, Václav Pařízek and Luděk Bartoš The first deer farm in the former Czechoslovakia was founded in 1983 and was immediately included in governmental research programme led by Prof. Luděk Bartoš at the recent Institute of Animal Science, Prague. During 1989, after the issue of the final report of the research programme, was organised the first national meeting on deer farming. The increasing interest and number of deer farmers resulted in establishment of the Association of deer farmers of the Czechoslovakia during meeting in Čejč in 1992. During this meeting a member of BDFA Dr. John Fletcher gave an invited plenary talk on deer farming. After the first year of existence the association had 53 members and started to release the Newsletter. After the split of Czechoslovakia into the Czech and Slovak independent republics the Association changed the name to Czech and Slovak Association of deer farmers, when in 1995 after the increasing differences in legislation and topics to solve the Slovaks resigned of membership in the Association. Since that time the association has been named the Deer Farmers’ Association of the Czech Republic (DFAC). During FEDFA meeting in Vienna in 1997 the DFAC became a full member of FEDFA as the first post-communist country. After the initial 11 years Luděk Bartoš resigned from presidency of DFAC and in 2003, Václav Pařízek MSc. was elected to chair the association. At the same time, the subject Deer Farming was introduced into the specialized education programme at the Czech University of Life Sciences in Prague. The DFAC supported by FEDFA organized the 6th International Deer Biology Congress, Prague 2006. The DFAC is proud member of the Association of Private Farming of the Czech Republic since 2011. Václav Pařízek has been leading association until the end of 2017, when general assembly entrusted Dr. Radim Kotrba (Maugli) with leadership. The DFAC unites the deer farmers and deer farming sympathizers to provide information about knowledge of deer biology and farming practices, changes in national and European legislation, commercial possibilities, and representing deer farming in FEDFA to its members. The DFAC leading board organise annual meetings, publishing the Newsletter, runs seminars, courses and lectures of visiting experts in deer biology and/or deer farming, organizes trips to visit deer farmers abroad. Last but not least DFAC lobby for deer farming in the local legislation process. The present activity is trying to legalise slaughter of deer on farm for home consumption without veterinary inspection and to permit organic deer farming in the Czech Republic. The DFAC represents 117 members at 2017. Total number of farms has reached 817 at the end of 2016 in the country with two-thirds of fallow deer and one-third of the red deer farms keeping together about 18 700 animals.
Number of farms in the association
117
Number of animals
18700
Proportion of fallow deer
68%
Proportion of red deer
32%
Average farm size
10 hectare
Average number of animals per farm
24
Price breeding hinds
€400
Price breeding does (fallow deer)
€180
Price breeding stags
€750
Price breeding bucks (fallow deer)
€579
Price venison
8
Customers
Sale of meat direct to consumer
Sale of meat direct to retailer supplying consumer (this includes restaurants)
Sale of live animals
Porážka zastřelením (head or neck shot by free bullet and exsanguination); porážka omráčením jateční pistolí a vykrvením (slaughter by captive bolt stunning and exsanguination)
Grants / Subsidies
Area based payments (Pillar I of CAP)
Slaughter Systems
Legistation
There is a distinction in the national legilsation between Farms and Park-farms
Park-Farms
Ante-mortem inpsection by 'compentent person'
Sale by breeder to local market allowed after post-mortem inspection by 'competent person'
Farms
Slaughter on site with free bullet following Ante-mortem inspection
Ante-mortem inpsection by veterinarian
Sale by breeder to local market allowed after post-mortem inspection by veterianarian
Sale by breeder to any market allowed after post-mortem inspection by veterianarian
Slaughter by free bullet may be performed by
and also by competent person with specific license
Competent person training is available
Yes
Dr. Radim Kotrba
Miskovice 38, 285 01, Czech Republic
00420739003929
maugli46@volny.cz
DEER FARMING IN GERMANY Fallow deer farming started in 1972 at the Haus Riswick Research Station of the Landwirtschaftskammer Rheinland. The aim was to develop healthy animals for ecological use as an alternative to cattle and sheep on grassland. Today there are nearly 6000 farms in Germany with 180000 deer, 90% Fallow deer, with Red and Sika deer. The average size of the farms are 2.5 hectares. The main regions for Fallow deer farming are Bavaria and Northrhine- Westfalia. In order to farm deer in the Federal Republic of Germany one still requires a licence. The criteria laid down by the Federal Ministry are as follows: the minimum size is one hectare; it is prohibited to include wood in the farm area; normally eight to ten does per hectare and slaughter on the farm is allowed. Carcases are controlled by meat inspection and stamped. There is mostly home marketing with relatively high prices for fresh meat with top quality coming from 14-18 months old young animals. GERMAN DEER FARMERS ASSOCIATION The Federal German Association "Bundesbank für landwirtschaftliche Wildhaltung" - BLWwas founded in 1980, with the first regional association in 1978. The 12 regional members in the different areas of the Federal Republic of Germany, representing about 1500 members with mostly small farms of around 2-3 ha, are independent. Since 1984 the magazine"Landwirtschaftliche Wildhaltung" has been published. It informs about the latest news and activities five times per year. The Federal Association contacts the government, different ministries, the German Farmer's Association "Deutscher Bauernverband" and is a member of FEDFA. Each province has special advisers for deer farming, and holds conferences and courses on different subjects. RESEARCH The first pilot farms were started in 1994 in Northrhine. In Haus Riswick, at the Research Station in Grub/Bavaria, and in other university institutes. Different trials are carried out on fencing, feeding, handling, behaviour, marking, twin breeding, domestication, adaptibility of Sika and White-tailed deer, for farming, lighting for calves, slaughtering,meat and leather quality, veterinary diseases and econiomics. Books and other information about Fallow deer farming are published by the „Bundesverband für Landwirtschaftliche Wildhaltung“ (BLW). MARKETING The consumption of venison in the Federal Republic of Germany is about 33000 tonnes annually, 0.6 kg per head.The home production of venison is about 16000 tonnes (wild boar meat about 10000 tonnes, Red deer venison about 2900 tonnes, Fallow deer venison about 1000 tonnes) of which about 1800 tonnes are farmed - mostly-Fallow deer meat. The imports are about 17000 tonnes (12000 tonnes red deer venison and farmed game meat) mainly from New Zealand, Poland and CSFR. Imports from Eastern Europe are increasing and at low prices. DEVELOPMENT For almost 50 years Fallow deer farming in Germany has been the agricultural system that makes the most ecological use of grassland without subsidies for a growing market. This top product is very nutrition-conscious, of excellent taste and quality, without contamination by chemicals and drugs, correctly slaughtered and cooled. The consumer is able to look for the animals he wants on local grass farms in his region. An expansion of deer farming is therefore possible and desirable.
Number of farms in the association
1900
Number of animals
38000
Proportion of fallow deer
80%
Proportion of red deer
13%
Average farm size
2.5 hectare
Average number of animals per farm
20
Price breeding hinds
€200 - €650
Price breeding does (fallow deer)
€80 - €380
Price breeding stags
€500 - €4667
Price breeding bucks (fallow deer)
€150 - €1200
Price venison
15
Customers
Sale of meat direct to consumer
Sale of meat direct to retailer supplying consumer (this includes restaurants)
Sale of live animals
Grants / Subsidies
GAP-payment (1. Säule) circa 300€/ha
Slaughter Systems
Farms
Slaughter on site with free bullet following Ante-mortem inspection
Ante-mortem inpsection by veterinarian
Sale by breeder to local market allowed after post-mortem inspection by veterianarian
Slaughter by free bullet may be performed by
Competent person
Competent person training is available
Yes
Stefan VÖll
Claire-Waldoff-Straße 7
00493031904297
s.voell@bauernverband.net
“Latvian wild animal breeders association” founded in 2000, 8th March, with 18 members, within 17 years association grown till 40 members. “Latvian wild animal breeders association” coordinate and manage Latvian deer breeding. Not all deer farms cooperate with association, in Latvia could be approximately 100 deer farms. From december 2016 name of association is "Organic farmers and Wild Animal Breeders Association" (OFWABA of in latvian BLSDAA)
Number of farms in the association
100
Number of animals
10800
Proportion of fallow deer
20%
Proportion of red deer
80%
Average farm size
80 hectare
Average number of animals per farm
150
Price breeding hinds
€800
Price breeding does (fallow deer)
€400
Price breeding stags
€1000
Price breeding bucks (fallow deer)
€650
Price venison
0
Customers
Sale of carcass is skin to processors
Sale of meat direct to consumer
Sale of meat direct to retailer supplying consumer (this includes restaurants)
Sale of live animals
Grants / Subsidies
Hectar payments
Slaughter Systems
Legistation
There is a distinction in the national legilsation between Farms and Park-farms
Park-Farms
Transport to and slaugther in approved abattoir
Slaughter on site with free bullet following Ante-mortem inspection
Ante-mortem inpsection by veterinarian
Ante-mortem inpsection by 'compentent person'
Sale by breeder to local market allowed after post-mortem inspection by veterianarian
Sale by breeder to local market allowed after post-mortem inspection by 'competent person'
Farms
Transport to and slaugther in approved abattoir
Slaughter on site with free bullet following Ante-mortem inspection
Ante-mortem inpsection by veterinarian
Slaughter by free bullet may be performed by
Qualified hunter
Competent person training is available
Yes
Dainis Paeglitis
"Saulstari", Mores parish, Sigulda district, LV-2170
0037126539222
deerparks@inbox.lv
The Association for Dutch Deer Farmers is founded in February 2001, and has a memership of average 16 members the last couple of years. Mainly Red Deer, held on farms, outdoor, with an indoor facility for the winter. Most of the meet is sold in farm shops and to local restaurants
Number of farms in the association
16
Number of animals
800
Proportion of fallow deer
10%
Proportion of red deer
90%
Average farm size
15 hectare
Average number of animals per farm
50
Price breeding hinds
€400
Price breeding does (fallow deer)
€200
Price breeding stags
€1500
Price breeding bucks (fallow deer)
€500
Price venison
0
Customers
Sale of meat direct to consumer
Sale of meat direct to retailer supplying consumer (this includes restaurants)
Grants / Subsidies
Not for deer farming only the Brussels subsidies CAP and Greening subsidy Payment for young farmers/starters Payment for nature/countryside control (such as nest-protecting etc) All these subsidies have very strict rules, and are not for everybody
Slaughter Systems
Farms
Transport to and slaugther in approved abattoir
Slaughter on site with free bullet following Ante-mortem inspection
Ante-mortem inpsection by veterinarian
Sale by breeder to local market allowed after post-mortem inspection by veterianarian
Slaughter by free bullet may be performed by
Qualified hunter
Mrs. Annelies Timmerman
Oosterstraat 21, 1654 JK Benningbroek Netherlands
0031651219915
info@hertenhouders.nl
The first deer breeding facility in Poland was the deer farm „Kosowo Górne”. This was an experimental facility of the Polish Academy of Science, department of parasitology, set up in 1984, which conducted studies related to the infestation of ungulates by parasites and the suitability of different ungulate species for domestication. This facility provided much of the stock for most of the deer breeding farms or parks which were created in Poland at or shortly after the turn of the Millenium. However, the real expansion of Polish deer breeding took place after Poland joined the EU. Farmers, looking for new niche activities were interested to use poor agricultural land for deer breeding, with the promise of sales of meat, skins and antlers. Many small extensive deer breeding farms or parks were created. In the main, these small-area farms kept fallow deer. Unfortunately, unnecessarily restrictive Polish veterinary laws accompanied by insufficient governmental infrastructure support has made small-scale deer breeding in Poland uneconomic. The current inappropriate law threatens the entire sector, The Polish Association of Deer Breeders is working with government to make the legislation more friendly to farmers, while at the same time shortening the producer/consumer supply chain. However, this is proving to be a lengthy process.
Number of farms in the association
200
Number of animals
22.000
Proportion of fallow deer
66%
Proportion of red deer
34%
Average farm size
10 hectare
Average number of animals per farm
110
Price breeding hinds
€500
Price breeding does (fallow deer)
€200
Price breeding stags
€700 - €2000
Price breeding bucks (fallow deer)
€400 - €600
Price venison
0
Customers
Sale of carcass is skin to processors
Sale of live animals
Grants / Subsidies
No grants or subsidies for deer breeding.
Slaughter Systems
Park-Farms
Transport to and slaugther in approved abattoir
Slaughter on site with free bullet following Ante-mortem inspection
Ante-mortem inpsection by veterinarian
Sale by breeder to local market allowed after post-mortem inspection by veterianarian
Sale by breeder to any market allowed after post-mortem inspection by veterianarian
Farms
Transport to and slaugther in approved abattoir
Slaughter on site with free bullet following Ante-mortem inspection
Ante-mortem inpsection by veterinarian
Sale by breeder to local market allowed after post-mortem inspection by veterianarian
Sale by breeder to any market allowed after post-mortem inspection by veterianarian
Slaughter by free bullet may be performed by
No specific legislation
Jerzy Gabrielczyk
ul Dorohuska 17, 01-472 Warsaw, Poland
0048226669704
pipdeal@poczta.onet.pl
The "Russian Deer Breeders Association" was established in 2013. 2015 the Association became a member of FEDFA. Recently there has been growing interest in establishment of deer farms in Russia. It's very promising, because in Russia there are a lot of territories, suitable for deer farming. Prospects are growing. There are still a lot of potential domestic investors. The "Russian Deer Breeders Association" tries to organize exchange of information and to give full support to beginners, offering a full complex of services: from choice and inspection of the territory, profitability calculations, development of infrastructure to purchasing of breeding stock, deer management and optimization of expenses. Beginners – members of our Association have opportunity to visit the best farms of the world, to get acquainted with the most advanced methods and technologies of deer farming and breeding. The "Russian Deer Breeders Association" helps farmers, deer breeders, producers of venison in realization and promotion of their products in the market of wild animals meat, bread and produced on farms.
Number of farms in the association
15
Number of animals
3000
Proportion of fallow deer
10%
Proportion of red deer
90%
Average farm size
200 hectare
Average number of animals per farm
200
Price breeding hinds
€1000
Price breeding does (fallow deer)
€800
Price breeding stags
€1200
Price breeding bucks (fallow deer)
€1000
Price venison
30
Customers
Sale of carcass is skin to processors
Sale of meat direct to consumer
Sale of meat direct to retailer supplying consumer (this includes restaurants)
Sale of live animals
Grants / Subsidies
Breeding of all species of deer behind fences in Russia is an animal husbandry, that means, that investors of deer farms have an opportunity to apply for such subsidies, which receive farmers, engaged in animal husbandry.
Slaughter Systems
Park-Farms
Sale by breeder to any market allowed after post-mortem inspection by veterianarian
Farms
Sale by breeder to any market allowed after post-mortem inspection by veterianarian
Slaughter by free bullet may be performed by
Qualified hunter
Natalia Sorokina
Quarter Shchitnikovo 73 G, Balashikha, Moscow region, 143906 Russia
0079269361076
admin@dba.org.ru
Miroslaw Madejski
Quarter Shchitnikovo 73 G, Balashikha, Moscow region, 143906 Russia
0079262118521
admin@dba.org.ru
The Slovak Association of Deer Farming was established in 2008 and at the beginning there were 46 farm breeds registered in Slovakia. Today there are more than 500 registered farm breeds in Slovakia, mainly fallow deer, red deer and mouflon. The Slovak Association of Deer Farming is a non-profit organization that brings together farmers and farm/game preserve animals for the purpose of professional guarantee in all breeding and technology spectrum. The SADF has specialized sections such as genetics, farm breeding, gamekeeping, nutrition and welfare/veterinary.
Number of farms in the association
516
Number of animals
10180
Proportion of fallow deer
60%
Proportion of red deer
30%
Average farm size
3.5 hectare
Average number of animals per farm
25
Price breeding hinds
€1000
Price breeding does (fallow deer)
€300
Price breeding stags
€3000
Price breeding bucks (fallow deer)
€1200
Price venison
8
Customers
Sale of carcass is skin to processors
Sale of meat direct to consumer
Grants / Subsidies
no special subsidies for farm animals
Slaughter Systems
Legistation
There is a distinction in the national legilsation between Farms and Park-farms
Park-Farms
Transport to and slaugther in approved abattoir
Ante-mortem inpsection by 'compentent person'
Sale by breeder to local market allowed after post-mortem inspection by 'competent person'
Sale by breeder to any market allowed after post-mortem inspection by 'competent person'
Farms
Transport to and slaugther in approved abattoir
Slaughter on site with free bullet following Ante-mortem inspection
Ante-mortem inpsection by veterinarian
Sale by breeder to local market allowed after post-mortem inspection by veterianarian
Sale by breeder to any market allowed after post-mortem inspection by veterianarian
Slaughter by free bullet may be performed by
Competent person
Competent person training is available
Yes
Jaroslav Pokorádi, Ph.D.
Suvorovova 30, Pezinok, 902 01 Slovakia
00421902916241
pokoradi@hotmail.com
Deer farming in Switzerland started in 1979 with a 5 year Project of the Government in 5 different parts of Switzerland. Out of this Project in 1982 was formed the Swiss Deer keeper Association (SVH). The situation with the Farmed Products, like Milk, Meat(Pig, Beef), and all others, with high Production Cost and low Prices makes a lot of Farmers to look around and find another Production to make. Fish, Wild Game, or change to Organic Farming with less Output and better Prices are high in Ranking. Right now, almost every Year we have 20 new Farmers how want to make the Training for deer farming (6 full Day's, 300 h with a Mentor) to obtain the Certificate form the Government to keep legal the 5 different Species, Red deer, Sika deer, Fallow deer, Wapiti, Rein deer in Switzerland. Not all Parks and Farms are Members of the SVH. Averige of Animals and ha are for total Switzerland.
Number of farms in the association
227
Number of animals
11000
Proportion of fallow deer
85%
Proportion of red deer
10%
Average farm size
3 hectare
Average number of animals per farm
25
Price breeding hinds
€590
Price breeding does (fallow deer)
€545
Price breeding stags
€910
Price breeding bucks (fallow deer)
€590
Price venison
10
Customers
Sale of carcass is skin to processors
Sale of meat direct to consumer
Sale of meat direct to retailer supplying consumer (this includes restaurants)
Sale of live animals
Grants / Subsidies
- no Subsidies on Animal - Subsidies on Farmland /Grasslands - Subsidies for special cultures (Sugarbeets, real Grain, Rye, Rape, Flax, Grape, etc.) - Subsidies for special Treatment (no Plow, no Till, Careful manure spreding, etc. - Oekological Elements (Hedges, Stonehills, Trees, Breedingplaces for Birds,
Slaughter Systems
Park-Farms
Slaughter on site with free bullet following Ante-mortem inspection
Ante-mortem inpsection by veterinarian
Sale by breeder to any market allowed after post-mortem inspection by veterianarian
Farms
Transport to and slaugther in approved abattoir
Slaughter on site with free bullet following Ante-mortem inspection
Ante-mortem inpsection by veterinarian
Sale by breeder to local market allowed after post-mortem inspection by veterianarian
Sale by breeder to any market allowed after post-mortem inspection by veterianarian
Slaughter by free bullet may be performed by
Competent person
Competent person training is available
Yes
Christoph Luder
Feldstrasse 2, 3365 Grasswil
0041792330719
info@swissdeerefarm.com
Oliver Bürgi
Gästehaus Probstenberg, 4716 Welschenrohr
0041793725710
buergi.mo@gmail.com
Modern deer farming has developed from work done at the Rowett Research Institute in Scotland in the early 1970s Encouraged by the need for diversification in agriculture there was an initial boom in livestock prices but the industry suffered severe competition from venison imported from both Eastern Europe and New Zealand, this led to a reduction in price to a more realistic level. As a result the number of deer farmed and the number of farms has fluctuated. There was an increase in the total number of farmed deer from 36 000 in 1989 to 55 000 in 1993, of these approximately 50% were breeding hinds. Total numbers then fell back in 1995 to the 1989 total, falling a further 10% giving a total herd in 1998 of 32 000 on 311 farms. Now there is approximately 30,000 farmed deer on 200 farms. The national Red deer herd represents 95% of the total, the balance are Fallow. The market has recently become stronger and there is renewed confidence in the industry with wholesale prices for farmed venison carcases around £5.50 per kg.
Number of farms in the association
200
Number of animals
30000
Proportion of fallow deer
5%
Proportion of red deer
95%
Average farm size
60 hectare
Average number of animals per farm
300
Price breeding hinds
€500
Price breeding does (fallow deer)
€300
Price breeding stags
€2000
Price breeding bucks (fallow deer)
€1000
Price venison
5.5
Customers
Sale of carcass is skin to processors
Sale of meat direct to consumer
Sale of meat direct to retailer supplying consumer (this includes restaurants)
Grants / Subsidies
Deer farming and Deer parks qualify for subsides and grants of varying degree.
Slaughter Systems
Park-Farms
Slaughter on site with free bullet following Ante-mortem inspection
Ante-mortem inpsection by 'compentent person'
Sale by breeder to any market allowed after post-mortem inspection by veterianarian
Farms
Transport to and slaugther in approved abattoir
Slaughter on site with free bullet following Ante-mortem inspection
Ante-mortem inpsection by veterinarian
Sale by breeder to local market allowed after post-mortem inspection by veterianarian
Sale by breeder to any market allowed after post-mortem inspection by veterianarian
Slaughter by free bullet may be performed by
Competent person
Competent person training is available
Yes
Daniel DeBaerdemaecker
Penns Estate Venison, plumyfeather farm, lye green, Tunbridge Wells, East Sussex
00447715524154
debaerdemaecker.deer@gmail.com